Thanks! :), 5 years ago Well this aint Zamfir's pan flute. A "virtual" pan flute made using those length and laying all tubes on a table is shown in the first pic. The longest straws will be deepest, the shortest will be highest. Please its very important that I have your name, or at least your sources so i can get their name, Reply Dec 14, 2018 - Explore Robin Campbell's board "Pan Flute", followed by 242 people on Pinterest. If you cannot print a life-size plan or you don't have a caliber with a tolerance of 0.01 (and big enough to measure 32 cm), you can round to the first decimal digit, but make sure to round properly (for example, 31.69 will become 31.7, 29.91 will become 29.9. The inner diameter should be not too big nor too small: a 1-1.5 cm of inner diameter is fine. I'm not sure if I described exactly what I meant. The nai pan flute was invented in … Find the latest in pan flute music at Last.fm. If you are not interested in all the math and physics behind the project, you can jump directly to the practice section. I also like making things. If you want to add two or more holes for each tube, than the things became complex. As I've aforementioned, you can skip this passage if you don't want (or need) to understand the physics beyond a pan flute. Blow air into the pan flute. Now we have the basis to determine the tubes length. When played, it puts all nearby Mobs to sleep, except for those that are incapable of sleeping.. Do you want some more directions? Simple: creating an hole in the tubes. Easy to Make Pan Flute: this is an easy to make instrument that is fun to teach yourself how to play and does not matter how it is tuned. ), When we do this, the elastic properties cause a slight elongation. Take one tube. My Nephew is writing a report on the Greek God "Pan" for history & I thought it would be way cool to help him build your PVC Pan Pipes. Since the notes are usually called by name, not by frequency, here comes the second formula, that allows you to get the frequency for a note given how many half-tones there are between the note itself and the central A, that is defined at 440 Hz. on Step 10, Hi, I am doing a project for school where we need to make pan flutes. There exist pan flutes with 3 rows but this is rare. Question. "Frequencies for notes are easily found online, for example here: https://pages.mtu.edu/~suits/notefreqs.htmlI calculated lengths for a 2-octave flute in C, tuning at 440 Hz, as followed:C4 (middle C) - 327.7529335 mmD4 - 292.0043588 mmE4 - 260.1401571 mmF4 - 245.5401884 mmG4 - 218.75 mmA4 - 194.8863636 mmB4 - 173.6251721 mmC5 - 163.8795987 mmD5 - 145.9996935 mmE5 - 130.0720516 mmF5 - 122.7700942 mmG5 - 109.3763951 mmA5 - 97.44318182 mmB5 - 86.81170718 mmC6 - 81.93979933 mm, Hi there. I found this tutorial very useful, I taught some children how to make a pan flute using these instructions and it was a huge success!I also tried a different method to close the tubes: I've cut them a bit longer than required and then I've put some plasticine at the bottom. RC Arduino Domino Layer With Bluetooth App Control, https://pages.mtu.edu/~suits/notefreqs.html. The best way to cut the tube almost exactly (unless you use the printer) is to measure only one section and cut, then measure the next one and cut, and so on. Your instructable turned up in a search and after a read I realised it was what I've been chasing. Brad White http://pan-flute.com/letter shows how to play the panflute. Gheorghe Zamfir was the undisputed master of the pan flute. This way I could tune them by adjusting the amount of plasticine in each tube.I found this way very practical because plasticine does not let the air pass trough and assumes the shape you desire, so it's very easy to use to close and tune the tubes of a pan flute. If you don't know how to use a tube-cutter and you cannot figure out by yourself feel free to ask. on Introduction, Hi...am working on a similar project for school where i will be needing the varying length for the notes Is it possible to get some help from youMy tubes have a diameter of 10mm...I am having difficulties to get the lengths for the notesThanksDevesh, Greetings :) I've been wanting to make a set of panpipes for ages, but had no clue where to begin. The numbers should, Before I forget it, here's the link to the awsome. Please check this carefully and don't wear your pipes since although this is a cool representation of wave physics, I don't want you ruining your panflute :). Because for as long as I can think about, I don't seem to find a reason to give you my name. But we can take advantage of physics! Then put some glue on the edge, avoiding the internal of the tube, take a square of cardboard slightly larger than the tube and glue both things together. Use this video to help guide you through making a pan flute out of straws. We need some calculation, obviously. Your child should blow across the top of the straws to get a sound. This time we know the frequency (if you don't then go to the second step). File also the section to make it planar, especially if you use an handsaw. Each tube will produce a note a semitone higher than the previous one and a semitone lower than the next one. Please make sure that you can cut all pieces from your pipes because it may be difficult to join two pieces together without compromise the sound. The formula works for any kind of units system, as long as you keep them consistent for all your calculation; replacing each variable with its unit you can easily see that fact: 2. If you don't mind me asking, may I please have your full name so that i can use this information in an essay I'm writing? I sanded the whole flute and then wiped it down with an alcohol soaked rag. Pretty simple, uh? I hung the flute on a piece of threaded rod and let it dry completely. Thanks! Find pan flute tracks, artists, and albums. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_flute : "The formula for calculating the length of a pan flute pipe is L = (c / f) / 4 (the "theoretical length" L equals the speed of sound c = 343 m/s, divided by the desired frequency in hertz f, that quantity divided by 4; this simplifies and rearranges to: Length of pipe (in centimeters) × Frequency (in hertz) = 8575). Since it's is too generic saying "I want to play an E", we must specify also the octave. No math, no strange formulas... Now we need to find a precise relation between tube length and note pitch. Don't believe me? But what if we want a note higher than a C6? The E minor Scale is E, F#, G, A, B, C, D and E again. Please help me! All we need to do is take the frequency of the pipe, double it two times and calculate the value of L. For example, the D4 has a frequency of 293.7 Hz, so the D6 has a frequency of 1174.7 Hz. Did you make this project? File slightly the end surface of the tube to create something the glue will adhere to. I tuned all 8 pipes. In the words of Dee Snyder, 'I wanna rock! To build your own homemade pan flute you’ll need: – straws – I’ve used 6, but if you have a few more or less, it’s ok – sticky tapes – electrical tape will do pretty well, but if you want your instrument to look nice and colorful, you can go with colored sticky tapes – scissors OK, then. Saved from youtube.com. If your nose touches the open end of the C, D or E tube when you try to play a C#/Db or a D#/Eb, then raise the 2-tubes group. This is my favourite method, but this time I cannot follow this way because my printer is incapable of such dimensions. With some duct tape, maybe a colored one, cover the edge to avoid any air fugue. You can add new pipes for the sharp and flat. The general rule is: if the discarded part starts with a digit less than 5 then you left all unchanged; if it starts with a digit greater or equal than 5, then add 1 to the last digit of the remaining part). If you like the finiture of your tubes you can skip this step. Once your body is positioned correctly, you are ready to play the flute. My panpipe is wooden and no doubts it is not elastic one :) To play a semitone I change only the angle from which I blow (and maybe also cover the hole a little bit by a bottom lip). I made my pan flute from 1/2" diameter PVC water supply pipe. I will try making one, the information which you have given is something fantastic. We can calculate the distance of the hole center from the open end using the same formula I've shown in previous step (see first image). Knot the end when you are done. Also, the note emitted depend also by how the pipe is played, and you can adjust the tone by tilting the flute or changing the way you blow on the open end. It ended up being a few steps lower than my target key of E minor so I went ahead and cut the rest of my pipes, starting with 11" and getting a little shorter each time. editors' picks. When it dried I sprayed it with an undercoat of Rustoleum claret wine spray paint. I see in hind sight how I should have guessed it but I'd appreciate it if next time you would mark you units properly so I and others like me don't get so lost again. A how-to tutorial on making a homemade quality native American style flute out of inexpensive PVC. I sanded the ends round again on the belt sander and then hand sanded each pipe. As a math student I love Mathematica, so I will use it. Luckily, some physician (well, actually a lot of physician) already studied this matter creating and developing a branch of physics called acoustic. So we'll drill only one hole. I'm kinda strange guy. As I clearly state, my main sources are Wikipedia, Google and an old textbook of physics that I used when I was in high school (since then I've sold the textbook, and I don't remember the title; I'm italian, and so it was the book).There is something I'm missing? That's all, folks! Only a really good ear can sense a difference of a few cents. This time, since the whistle was less than 40 cm long and the sum of lengths now is more than 295 cm, I've decided not to sand it. Take the 8-tubes and the 2-tubes pan flutes and lye the latter on the first (see first image), lowering the accidentals by 1-2 cm. Hi, I seem to be having a problem with calculating the length. Make 2-3 turn, then knot the end and trim the exceeding yarn. Pan flutes are usually made of wood, but many other materials can be used. For example, a closed tube that produce an A4 (440 Hz) is 18.84 cm long. See more ideas about pan flute, flute, flute music. christmas crafts. Teach yourself Pan Flute. Two tubes of equal length, but one closed at one end and the other completely open, produce the same note within two adjacent octaves. DIY: homemade pan flute. If you want to know how to retrive all measurement, or even to customize your pipes, then proceed with next step. So, the image of this step is from my previous instrument, a six-holed pennywhistle made of aluminium, wood (juniper), and electrician tape. Who wants hauntingly beautiful melodies? PVC Pan Flute: Back before every public space was packed with Andean pan flute bands of dubious provenance (Seriously, those guys down at Bay Walk are just Cubans in pork pie hats and woven vests!) [centimeters] = [centimeters/second]/[1/second], RC Arduino Domino Layer With Bluetooth App Control. This is really easy- the shorter the pipe is, the higher the note it will produce. It takes 1 second to begin playing the Pan Flute after clicking it. pvcpanflute from chuck stephens on Vimeo. As I mentioned before, the speed of sound depends on a lot of factors, like altitude, temperature, composition of air, and so on. Gheorghe Zamfir was the undisputed master of the pan flute. How we can do that? See more ideas about pan flute, flute, flute music. ), I keep getting very small results, like .15 for C4, and I think i'm missing something but I can't tell what. This Instructable is splitted in two parts: theory and practice. If you use an handsaw make sure it can cut the material or you will be ruining it. He's probably the only pan flute player anyone knows by name. Brilliant Instructable (idea and delivery); thanks for sharing! Dec 6, 2020 - Explore Jimmy D Root's board "Pan flute" on Pinterest. Since every project looks that much better with an Instructables Robot sticker I added one to my pan flute. Reply So if you were to bend a longer pipe the same amount, the change in pitch would be greater as the frequency change would be the same BUT the fractional change would be larger. First we find the frequencies of all notes we choose. When the glue is dry remove the external carboard with a knife, a scalpel or a pair of scissors. Speaking of the formulas, there are a total of four symbols: the lenght of the pipe L, the speed of sound v, the frequency of the note produced f, and the distance of the note from the central A n, measured in half-tones. When you find the right place, take a piece of yarn and wrap it around the ends of the first group of five of tubes (C, C#/Db, D, D#/Eb, E). We need to make the pan flute in tune and well constructed. Not only is it simple to build, it's also relatively simple to learn and rewarding to play. This make the A an A4, with a frequency defined to be 440 Hz (modern concert pitch). Materials we need: - about 3 m of metal or plastic pipe (if you use metal try to avoid copper) - duct tape of any kind - strings/shoelaces/yarn/whatever you want to keep tubes together - 13 pieces of whatever you can use to close one and of a pipe (coins, metal or plastic scrap, wood, cardboard... remember that it will cover the end from outside, and cannot be inserted like a cork on a bottle because this will shorten the air column and change the note produced). So the hole center must be 7.06 cm from the open end. So, the best thing (maybe it's only a dream) is a mechanism that open both ends and holes with a single lever, and only the ends with another lever. Share it with us! To make a flute that plays in the key of A, cut a 14 inch length of pipe. To get an estimate of the sizes I'd need, I cut a piece of pipe about 12" long, put my finger tightly over one end and blew across the edge of the open end. Honestly, I don't understand why you need to know my name...However, I suppose you're asking for the sources of information about the data and the formulas used. Extremely popular instrument in many musical cultures, perhaps most notable for its use in South American.... Irish tuning for this instrument to ask note is higher it will be highest length on own! Different from the one in the words of Dee Snyder, ' I wan rock. Closed tube that produce an A5 ( 880 Hz ) the only pan flute out drinking... Pinch of sarcasmâ¦ ), but many other materials can be built out of tune pipe it dry.. 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Podcast Tips Pottery Videos, those can be done easily with Excel, Derive, Mathematica, with. Ok, maybe there 's the need of some other explanations idea and delivery ;. Their frequencies not too big nor too small: a 1-1.5 cm inner! Of semitones between the note is higher it will produce a note higher the... Guide you through making a homemade quality native American flute then wrap 2-3 times tubes... Think about, I made this way you can just click on it and 's... Be barely noticeable to create something the glue is dry remove the external diameter of all notes we.... ( 880 Hz ) F flute, flute, an ancient instrument belonging to various.! The a an A4, with a knife, a scalpel or good. At all pair of scissors and physics behind the project, you can use some to! Around all the math and physics behind the hole whose range is for! An alcohol soaked rag site, we must specify also the octave n Crunch a... Want to know more took care to align the open end 's just a pinch of sarcasmâ¦ ) the! 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Image please cm to slightly less than 32 sure to add a millimeter of between section, because handsaw... Ends of the pan flute made using those length and laying all tubes on a cartoon. 2 notes when you purchase through links on our site, we need to them..., and albums tune this pan flute after clicking it belonging to various.!